If you have type 2 diabetes, healthy eating and increased physical activity can help you manage the disease successfully.
Currently, researchers recommend long-term weight loss of 5% to 7% of body weight. To lose weight, you need to burn more calories than you consume. The best way is to follow a low-fat, low-calorie diet.
In addition, 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity every week is necessary for people with prediabetes and diabetes. Ideally, you can take 30 min every day for practice, 5 times a week.
If you think you might have prediabetes or diabetes, your doctor can help you decide what to do. A blood test called the A1C test can check your average blood glucose level to see if you have prediabetes.
People over 45 should be screened for diabetes, as should other people at increased risk. Risk factors and warning signs for type 2 diabetes include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or a history of gestational diabetes or cardiovascular disease.
In primary care, there are techniques to assess and facilitate adherence to these lifestyle changes.
For example, during office visits, your doctor should assess and gradually encourage your readiness to work toward the change.
This is because addressing patients’ conviction and confidence can be effective in moving them toward action.
One important thing for diabetes self-management is separating long-term goals into highly specific short-term outcome goals and achievable behavior targets.
Furthermore, lifestyle goals and targets should be tailored to patients’ preferences and progress while building confidence in small steps. Whenever you achieve a small goal, you should reward yourself.
Your doctor will also screen you for diabetes-related attitudes, expectations, and quality of life, and addressing psychosocial factors, both favorable and unfavorable, to facilitate your likelihood of success.
It is likely that your doctor and you will have follow-up contact to help you maintain and expand progress. You together will review self-monitored goals, targets, and achievements.
You doctor should try to find opportunities to encourage and empower, review slips, triggers, and obstacles, and negotiate further customization of the plan.