Drinking coffee has lots of health benefits.
This includes improving your energy levels, keeping your alert, helping the body burning fat, improving physical performance, providing various nutrients, protecting your brain from dementia and Alzheimer’s, and fighting depression.
Now a new study from Journal of Natural Products finds that substances in coffee can help lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
In the study, researchers test the coffee compounds in in laboratory mice. They found that the compounds improve cell function and insulin sensitivity in the animals.
This means a new drug based on the coffee compounds can be developed in the future to treat or prevent type 2 diabetes.
Previous research has found that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee everyday can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. This disease can afflict about 30 million people in the US.
At first, it was thought that caffeine was the compound that can reduce diabetes risk, but later findings suggest that other substances in coffee may play a more important role.
One of such compounds is cafestol, which can increase insulin secretion in pancreatic cells when exposed to glucose.
In addition, cafestol can also increase glucose uptake in muscle cells just as much as a commonly prescribed antidiabetic drug.
The current study tested this compound on mice. Two groups of mice were fed different doses of cafestol.
Ten weeks later, the researchers found that both groups had lower blood glucose levels and improved insulin secretory capacity compared to a control group, which was not given the compound.
Furthermore, cafestol didn’t cause low blood sugar, a side effect of some antidiabetic drugs.
The researchers suggest that having cafestol everyday can delay the development of type 2 diabetes in mice, and it is possible to develop a new drug for diabetes treatment in humans.